Niemann-Pick disease Type C – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Niemann-Pick disease Type C – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Niemann-Pick disease type C, or NPC, is a rare genetically inherited condition caused by mutations in either the NPC1 or NPC2 genes. These mutations impair intracellular transport of cholesterol and other …

Hyper IgM Syndrome – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Hyper IgM Syndrome – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Hyper IgM syndrome is a problem where B cells are unable to undergo antibody class-switching, meaning that they can produce IgM antibodies, or immunoglobulins, but struggle to produce other types of …

Sheehan’s Syndrome – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Sheehan’s Syndrome – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

With Sheehan’s syndrome, also sometimes called postpartum pituitary gland necrosis, “postpartum” refers to the time after a mother gives birth to an infant, “pituitary gland” refers to a tiny gland that …

Autoimmune hepatitis – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment & pathology

Autoimmune hepatitis – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment & pathology

So, an autoimmune disease is this special sort of disease, where your own immune cells have gone rogue and start to attack your own cells, right? Hepatitis happens to mean inflammation …

Disseminated intravascular coagulation – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Disseminated intravascular coagulation – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Disseminated intravascular coagulation, or DIC, describes a situation in which the process of hemostasis, which is when after blood vessel wall injury, liquid blood rapidly becomes a gel, called coagulation or …

Hypercalcemia – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Hypercalcemia – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

With hypercalcemia, hyper -means over and -calc- refers to calcium, and -emia refers to the blood, so hypercalcemia means higher than normal calcium levels in the blood, generally over 10.5 mg/dL. …

Endometrial cancer – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Endometrial cancer – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much …

Marfan Syndrome – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Marfan Syndrome – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Marfan syndrome is a genetic disorder that results in defective connective tissue, which can affect a person’s skeleton, heart, blood vessels, eyes, and lungs. Normally, the interstitial space of various body …

Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD) – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD) – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

The ear can be broken into three sections. The first is the outer ear which is the part you see called the pinna as well as the ear canal. Next is …